*Overview of Emotional Intelligence*
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Gardner believed that these additional intelligence types were just as important as traditional intelligence in predicting performance and success. So although the term emotional intelligence wasn’t being used at the time, the concept was being explored. It wasn’t until 1985 that the term emotional intelligence was first used in the sense that we use it today, to describe these additional types of intelligence. The term was used in the doctoral thesis of Wayne Payne, A Study of Emotion: Developing Emotional Intelligence. From this point, the field has become rich with different models for defining emotional intelligence.
Daniel Goleman’s model of emotional intelligence, published in 1995, is the most widely recognized model in use today. However, there is one model which has become the most widely recognized as accurately describing the concept of emotional intelligence. It was published in 1995 by Daniel Goldman in his book Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More than IQ. It was after the publication of this bestseller that the term emotional intelligence became widely used.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EMOTIONS As Darwin theorized, researchers have learned that emotions serve a biological purpose. They signal to us when there is something wrong or when our needs are not getting met. When we need something that we are not getting or that we’re not getting regularly, we will feel a negative emotion. This could be anger, fear, disappointment, depression, or any other negative emotion.
Emotions serve a biological purpose – they tell us when our needs are not being met. There are social, mental, and even physical consequences to our ability to deal with our emotions. Since our emotions are a way our body can talk to us, we ignore them at our own peril. Not only will ignoring emotions ensure unhappiness, but it can lead to physical illness and even early death. It has been found that not only are people with a high level of EI more successful in their careers, but they also are healthier, happier, and enjoy better relationships with others.
Those with a high level of EI tend to experience a healthy balance of feelings like: • Motivation • Friendship • Focus • Fulfillment • Peace of Mind • Awareness • Balance • Self-control • Freedom • Autonomy • Contentment • Appreciation • Connection • Desire But those with a lower level of EI tend to feel more: • Loneliness • Fear • Frustration • Guilt • Emptiness • Bitterness • Depression • Instability • Lethargy • Disappointment • Obligation • Resentment • Anger • Dependence • Victimization • Failure Therefore, for our own general happiness and quality of life, it behooves us to learn to develop our emotional intelligence. With some basic understanding, you can alter the way you experience your emotions and the way you react to them in any situation.